犬および猫の尿路感染症由来菌の薬剤感受性  [in Japanese] Urinary Tract Infection in Dogs and Cats and Antibiotic Sensitivities of Bacterial Isolates  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

尿路感染犬63例, 猫41例について品種, 年齢, 性および基礎疾患の有無などの宿主要因を調査し, 尿からの分離菌について抗菌剤の感受性を検討した.犬ではシーズーに多く認められ, また, 加齢と相関した.いっぽう猫では2歳齢以下に多く認められた.犬では性差が認められなかったが猫では雄が約70%を占めた.20%は基礎疾患を有し, 犬では尿路結石が多かった.犬, 猫ともに分離菌は腸内細菌科およびグラム陽性球菌が多く, 犬で<I>Streptococcus canis</I>, 猫で<I>Xantomonas spp</I>.が特異的に検出された.分離菌のほとんどはオキシテトラサイクリン, セファレキシン, チアンフェニコールおよびカナマイシンに対する耐性傾向を示したが, ニューキノロン系薬剤のオルビフロキサシンは良好な抗菌力を示した.

Urinary tract infection in 63 dogs and 41 cats were surveyed for breed, age and the presence of basal diseases, and the bacteria isolates from the urine were examined for antibiotic sensitivity. The infected cases were the most predominant in shih tzu breed, and more aged animals. No sex difference was seen in the dog. In cats however, many cases were under 2 years old, 70% cases were male. Twenty percent of thecanine and feline had basal diseases and many dogs had urinary calculi. From most canine and feline cases Enterobacteriaceae and gram positive cocci were isolated. Specific isolated from dogs and cats, were <I>Streptococcus canis</I> and <I>Xantomonas</I> spp., respectively. Most isolates were resistant to OTC, CEX, TP and KM but sensitive to orbifloxacin (OBFX), a new quinolon derivative.

Journal

  • Journal of the Japan Veterinary Medical Association  

    Journal of the Japan Veterinary Medical Association 49(7), 449-453, 1996-07-20 

    Japan Veterinary Medical Association

References:  13

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Cited by:  1

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Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    10018941446
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00191857
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    04466454
  • NDL Article ID
    3995764
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR22(科学技術--農林水産--畜産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-352
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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