東京女子医科大学歯科口腔外科における有病者の臨床統計的観察 : 3. 紹介患者における検討 [in Japanese] Clinical Observation on Medically Compromised Patients in Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tokyo Women's Medical College : 3. Clinico-statistical observation on referred patients [in Japanese]
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1993年11月から1994年10月までの1年間に東京女子医科大学歯科口腔外科を紹介により受診した有病者について臨床統計的観察を行い, 次の結果を得た。<BR>1. 紹介により来科した患者は1323名で, 有病者は885名であった。<BR>2. 性別では, 男性461名, 女性424名で, 年代別では60歳代が206名 (23.3%) と最も多く, 次いで50歳代, 40歳代の順で, 平均年令は48.7歳であった。<BR>3. 院外からの紹介では, 歯科が57名, 医科が36名であった。院内の紹介では, 入院患者597名, 通院患者195名の計792名であった。<BR>4. 院外患者の紹介理由は, 全身疾患の合併によるものが最も多く, 院内からでは患者の希望によるものが多数を占めていた。<BR>5. 他科疾患別では, 循環器疾患が383名 (33.7%) と最も多く, 次いで新生物, 内分泌・代謝疾患, 泌尿器疾患の順であった。<BR>6. 当科での疾患は, 歯科疾患が656名 (74.1%) を占め, 次いで炎症, 顎関節症, 外傷などの順であった。<BR>7. 処置内容では, 充填・補綴処置, 抜歯, 経過観察の順に多かった。
We carried out a clinically-based statistical observation of patients referred to our Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tokyo Women's Medical College from November 1993 to October 1994. The following results were obtained:<BR>1) The number of people referred to our department was 1, 323. among whom 885 were ill, i. e., they were patients.<BR>2) Of these patients. 461 were men and 424 were women. Patients in their sixties accounted for the largest number, 206 (23.3%), followed by those in their fifties and then in their forties. The mean age was 48.7 years.<BR>3) Among the patients coming from other hospitals, 57 were referred by dentists or dental departments, 36 by physicians or medical departments. Patients referred by other departments in our hospital totaled 792, among whom 597 were inpatients and 195 were outpatients.<BR>4) Most patients were referred by other hospitals from management of oral and dental complications of systemic diseases while many in-hospital patients were referred because they requested dental care.<BR>5) Among diseases not within our area of specialization, circulatory diseases accounted for the largest fraction, affecting 383 patients (33.7%), followed by neoplasms, endocrine or metabolic diseases and urologic diseases.<BR>6) Among diseases within our area of expertise, the majority were dental diseases, seen in 656 patients (74.1%). followed by inflammation, temporomandibular arthrosis, and injuries.<BR>7) The most frequent treatment provided was filling or prosthesis, followed by tooth extraction and specified duration of observation.
- Journal of Japanese Society of Dentistry for Medically Compromised Patient
Journal of Japanese Society of Dentistry for Medically Compromised Patient 4(2), 47-52, 1996-04-30
Japanese Society of Dentistry for Medically Compromised Patient