マルチスケール混相流体方程式の構築と気液界面のモデリング Development of Multi-scale Multiphase Flow Equation and Thermodynamic Modeling of Gas-liquid Interface

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A gas-liquid interface contains various complex physics and unknown phenomena related to thermodynamics, electromagnetics, hydrodynamics, and heat and mass transfer. Therefore, a modeling of gas-liquid interface is one of key issues of the numerical research on multiphase flows. Currently, the Continuum Surface Force model (CSF) is popular to model a gas-liquid interface in computational fluid dynamics. However, the CSF model cannot explain the physics of the gas-liquid interface because it is derived through a mechanical energy balance at the interface. In this study, by assuming a gas-liquid interface as a fluid-membrane with a thin but finite thickness, we develop a new gas-liquid interface model based on thermodynamics via mathematical approach. In particular, we derive an equation of free energy based on a lattice gas model including the effect of the electric double layer caused by a contamination on the interaction between the bubble interfaces. Finally, we derive a set of new governing equations for fluid motion based on a mesoscopic concept. The free energy is incorporated into the Navier-Stokes equation as new terms by using Chapman-Enskog expansion. Moreover, by using the new governing equation, we derive the jump condition at the gas-liquid interface based on thermodynamics. Then, we compare the obtained thermodynamic jump condition with the conventional one. As a result, we reveal that the conventional jump condition is true under a specific condition and that thermodynamic jump condition provides more general formalism than the conventional one.

収録刊行物

  • Thermal science and engineering  

    Thermal science and engineering 16(1), 11-29, 2008-01-01 

    The Heat Transfer Society of Japan

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10021063844
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11358679
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09189963
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9395815
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZM5(科学技術--科学技術一般--工学・工業)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z54-J404
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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