Seasonal and daily use of natural licks by sambar deer (Cervus unicolor) in a Bornean tropical rain forest

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Seasonal and daily use of natural licks by sambar deer (Cervus unicolor) was examined with camera traps in the Deramakot Forest Reserve, Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. The visitation frequency by females was significantly higher in the wet season (October to March) than in the dry season (April to September) (0.277/day and 0.120/day, respectively), while that by males was not significantly different between seasons (0.190/day and 0.138/day, respectively). Our results imply that the increased female visitation frequency in the wet season reflects the peak of their physical demands (e.g., lactation). The visitation frequency in the dark period (1800 h - 0600 h) was significantly higher than that in the light period (0600 h - 1800 h) (85% and 15%, respectively). Sambar deer are generally assumed to forage at night, and the utilisation of natural licks corresponded to their foraging habits. This study suggests that, for sambar deer, natural licks are among the most important habitats not only for daily sustenance but also for reproductive support.

収録刊行物

  • Tropics  

    Tropics 17(1), 81-86, 2007-11-30 

    JAPAN SOCIETY OF TROPICAL ECOLOGY

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10021095415
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10528811
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    0917415X
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9411610
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZR1(科学技術--生物学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z18-3157
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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