Concentrations of ^<226>Ra and ^<228>Ra in Hot Spring Waters from Tokyo Metropolis and Its Vicinity, Japan
The average concentrations of <SUP>226</SUP>Ra and <SUP>228</SUP>Ra in the water in hot springs in and around metropolitan Tokyo were 39 mBq L<SUP>-1</SUP> and 55 mBq L<SUP>-1</SUP> for NaCl-type water and 0.6 mBq L<SUP>-1</SUP> and 0.8 mBq L<SUP>-1</SUP> for simple alkaline-type water, respectively. From the chemical characteristics, the hot spring waters from the Kazusa and Miocene formations are classified as NaCl and that from the Shimanto and Chichibu formations is simple alkaline. This indicates that the concentrations of Ra isotopes are high for the NaCl type and low for the simple alkaline type and are correlated with the relevant sedimentation layer from which the hot spring water is welled up. Good correlation was observed for the ratios in the concentrations of Ra/Na and Ra/Cl in both types of hot spring water. The correlation patterns of Ra/Na and Ra/Cl for the simple alkaline type and sedimentary rock were different from those for the NaCl type and seawater, suggesting that the origin of the Ra isotopes may be different. The <SUP>228</SUP>Ra/<SUP>226</SUP>Ra activity ratio was found to be related with Si concentration, showing that the activity ratio decreased with an increase of H<SUB>2</SUB>SiO<SUB>3</SUB> for both the NaCl and the simple alkaline type. Assuming that the Ra isotopes in hot spring water were supplied from the relevant rock in the aquifer together with Si, the activity ratio of <SUP>228</SUP>Ra/<SUP>226</SUP>Ra in hot spring water might be different between the NaCl and simple alkaline type, suggesting that the (<SUP>228</SUP>Ra/<SUP>226</SUP>Ra) <SUB>t=0</SUB> activity ratio for residence time at t = 0 might be different for the two types.
- Journal of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences
Journal of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences 8(2), 143-148, 2007-12-01
The Japan Society of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences