Numerical Investigation of Joule-Heating Microtube Heater for Supercritical State Water Generation : Heat Transfer Characteristics of Single Microtube
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A simple microtube heater for supercritical state water or solutions that can operate at up to 873 K and 25–50 MPa has been developed. In this study, the heating process in a Joule heating microtube and the heat transfer inside the microchannel were numerically investigated by a coupled analysis using simplified modeling. The modeled microtube was made of Ni-base alloy 625; its OD was 1.59 mm and the ID of the microchannel was 0.25–0.50 mm. The typical length of the microtube was 200–250 mm. The characteristics of the heat-up process at the microtube wall and the microchannel heat transfer to flowing water were determined through numerical simulations. As a practical low-cost method, a combination of AC voltage charging and a power thyristor was adopted for heater control. It was observed that if the current frequency was over 50 Hz, the fluctuation in the outflow temperature remained below 1.5 K. The heating performance of the Joule-heating microtube heater is restricted by the pressure drop in the microchannel and the maximum temperature for the tube material.
- JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING OF JAPAN
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING OF JAPAN 41(4), 227-237, 2008-04-01
The Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan