Recovery of Useful Chemicals from Paper Sludge-Derived Tar by Catalytic Partial Oxidization over Zirconia-Supporting Iron Oxide Catalysts in Steam Atmosphere
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To develop a method for converting paper sludge-derived tar to useful petroleum-related chemicals, the catalytic cracking of the tar over zirconia-supporting iron oxide catalysts (ZrO<SUB>2</SUB>/FeO<SUB>X</SUB> catalyst) in a steam atmosphere was examined. Useful aromatics such as toluene, ethylbenzene, and styrene are included in the tar at compositions of approximately 63% with the remaining 37% being unknown components. By applying the ZrO<SUB>2</SUB>/FeO<SUB>X</SUB> catalyst, the unknown components were effectively decomposed without decomposing the useful chemicals existing in the tar, and the concentrations of unknown components were decreased from 37 to 11%. Moreover, acetone and phenol were newly produced. The lattice oxygen of the FeO<SUB>X</SUB> was the active site for the catalytic decomposition of the unknown components in the tar, and the ZrO<SUB>2</SUB> on FeO<SUB>X</SUB> had activity for decomposing H<SUB>2</SUB>O molecules, thereby yielding active oxygen species. The oxygen active species spilled over on the FeO<SUB>X</SUB> surface to regenerate the oxygen defects formed during the reaction. Accordingly, the catalytic activity and stability were due to the consumption and regeneration of the lattice oxygen.
- JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING OF JAPAN
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING OF JAPAN 41(5), 369-373, 2008-05-01
The Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan