事象関連電位によるALS患者の意思伝達に関する臨床実験 Clinical Experiments of Communication by ALS Patient Utilizing Detecting Event-Related Potential

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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis(ALS) patients are unable to successfully communicate their desires, although their mentality is normal, and so, the necessity of Communication Aids(CA) for ALS patients is realized. Therefore, the authors are focused on Event-Related Potential(ERP) which is elicited primarily for the target by visual and auditory stimuli. P200, N200 and P300 are components of ERP. These are potentials that are elicited when the subject focuses attention on stimuli that appears infrequently. ALS patient participated in two experiments. In the first experiment, a target word out of five words on a computer display was specified. The five words were linked to an each electric appliance, allowing the ALS patient to switch on a target appliance by ERP. In the second experiment, a target word in a 5×5 matrix was specified by measure of ERP. The rows and columns of the matrix were reversed randomly. The word on a crossing point of rows and columns including the target word, was specified as the target word. The rate of correct judgment in the first and second experiments were 100% in N200 and 96% in P200. For practical use of this system, it is very important to determine suitable communication algorithms for each patient by performing these experiments evaluating the results.

収録刊行物

  • 電気学会論文誌. C, 電子・情報・システム部門誌 = The transactions of the Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan. C, A publication of Electronics, Information and System Society  

    電気学会論文誌. C, 電子・情報・システム部門誌 = The transactions of the Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan. C, A publication of Electronics, Information and System Society 128(7), 1023-1028, 2008-07-01 

    The Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10021132916
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10065950
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    03854221
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9563357
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZN31(科学技術--電気工学・電気機械工業)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z16-795
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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