Relationship between Sound Absorption Property and Microscopic Structure Determined by X-ray Computed Tomography in Urethane Foam Used as Sound Absorption Material for Automobiles
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Recently, the application of porous soundproof materials to automobiles is changing from the use of sound insulation materials to the use of sound absorption materials. A method for attaining high absorption performance in the low-frequency region without increasing the material weight is thus needed. We investigated the use of X-ray computed tomography (CT) scanning for investigating the microscopic structure of soft urethane foam, a low specific gravity resin material, in a nondestructive manner. Our testing reveals that it is an effective tool for observing the microscopic organizational structure of a low specific gravity resin material and that the cell size of urethane foam, as measured by X-ray CT, affects the sound absorption characteristics. It also shows that reducing cell size shifts the peak frequency of the sound absorption coefficient downward.
- Materials Transactions, JIM
Materials Transactions, JIM 49(2), 345-351, 2008-02-01
The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials