Solidification Structure of the Coating Layer on Hot-Dip Zn-11%Al-3%Mg-0.2%Si-Coated Steel Sheet
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The solidification structure of the coating layer on hot-dip Zn-11%Al-3%Mg-0.2%Si-coated steel sheet was studied by means of metallographic examinations together with calculation of phase diagram based on Thermo-Calc. The solidification structure observed, which exhibited a combination of the Zn/Al/MgZn<SUB>2</SUB> ternary eutectic structure, the primary Al phase, and the MgZn<SUB>2</SUB> phase, turned out to be different from that predicted under an equilibrium state in the sense that MgZn<SUB>2</SUB> instead of Mg<SUB>2</SUB>Zn<SUB>11</SUB> was observed under the present condition. Excluding the Mg<SUB>2</SUB>Zn<SUB>11</SUB> phase from the equilibrium phase diagram, the metastable phase diagram was calculated. Excellent agreement was obtained between the calculation and the experiment in terms of the solidification structure of the coating layer. Consequently, MgZn<SUB>2</SUB> is considered to form easily as the metastable structure known as the Laves phase, because the high cooling rate associated with the present experiment does not provide any potential for peritectic-eutectic reactions, which usually occur in the equilibrium state. Furthermore, MgZn<SUB>2</SUB>, which has a C14-type Laves structure and a high rate of nucleation in the liquid phase, is considered to cause the preferential Zn/Al/MgZn<SUB>2</SUB> ternary eutectic reactions.
- Materials Transactions, JIM
Materials Transactions, JIM 49(6), 1395-1400, 2008-06-01
The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials