Optimal Flight for Ground Noise Reduction in Helicopter Landing Approach : Optimal Altitude and Velocity Control

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This study aims to obtain the optimal flights of a helicopter that reduce ground noise during landing approach with an optimization technique, and to conduct flight tests for confirming the effectiveness of the optimal solutions. Past experiments of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) show that the noise of a helicopter varies significantly according to its flight conditions, especially depending on the flight path angle. We therefore build a simple noise model for a helicopter, in which the level of the noise generated from a point sound source is a function only of the flight path angle. Using equations of motion for flight in a vertical plane, we define optimal control problems for minimizing noise levels measured at points on the ground surface, and obtain optimal controls for specified initial altitudes, flight constraints, and wind conditions. The obtained optimal flights avoid the flight path angle which generates large noise and decrease the flight time, which are different from conventional flight. Finally, we verify the validity of the optimal flight patterns through flight experiments. The actual flights following the optimal paths resulted in noise reduction, which shows the effectiveness of the optimization.

収録刊行物

  • Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences  

    Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences 50(169), 209-217, 2007-11-04 

    THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10021152396
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA0086707X
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    05493811
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9254596
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZN25(科学技術--運輸工学--航空機・ロケット)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-M236
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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