The Blastocyst Production Rate and Incidence of Chromosomal Abnormalities by Developmental Stage in In Vitro Produced Porcine Embryos

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The present study was conducted to determine the relationship between embryonic development speed at different stages (the cleaved stage at 52 h and the blastocyst stage at 6 days post insemination) and incidences of chromosome abnormalities in <i>in vitro</i> produced porcine embryos. Porcine oocytes were collected from 3-6-mm ovarian follicles obtained at a slaughterhouse and matured in modified NCSU-37 medium for 44-46 h. Following <i>in vitro</i> fertilization with a final concentration of 1 × 10<sup>5</sup> sperm/ml for 3 h, all oocytes were cultured <i>in vitro</i> for 52 h. Day-2 (52 h after insemination) embryos were classified according to their cleaved stages into 2-cell, 3- to 4-cell, 5- to 8-cell, and >8-cell stages; these were cultured separately for additional 4 days (Day 6). The resultant Day-6 blastocysts were classified according to the morphological diameter into 3 grades: Grade A, expanded blastocysts; Grade B, expanding blastocysts; and Grade C, early blastocysts. They were then analyzed chromosomally. The 3- to 4-cell and 5- to 8-cell embryos had significantly high blastocyst development rates (46.1 and 36.9%, respectively), and these blastocysts contained significantly more cells (40.2 and 42.4 cells, respectively) than those derived from 2-cell embryos and >8-cell embryos (28.6 and 26.5 cells, respectively). The incidence of chromosomal abnormalities was significantly higher in the blastocysts derived from 2-cell and >8-cell stage embryos than in the blastocysts derived from the other stage embryos. Furthermore, the grade A blastocysts had the lowest incidence of chromosomal abnormalities (35.3%) and contained the most cells (48.7 cells). Porcine <i>in vitro</i> production (IVP) yielded a high blastocyst rate and an excellent embryo quality when 3- to 4-cell and 5- to 8-cell stage embryos were selected on Day 2 after insemination. The same criteria yielded a higher quality of expanded blastocysts based on the stage of embryo development and morphology.<br>

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  • The Journal of reproduction and development  

    The Journal of reproduction and development 54(1), 22-29, 2008-02-01 

    THE SOCIETY FOR REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10021218365
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10936678
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09168818
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9395146
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZR22(科学技術--農林水産--畜産)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z54-H305
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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