Effect of Centrifugation Treatment before Vitrification on the Viability of Porcine Mature Oocytes and Zygotes Produced In Vitro

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The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of centrifugation pretreatment on the viability and nuclear status of porcine <i>in vitro</i> matured (IVM) oocytes and on the developmental competence of <i>in vitro</i> fertilized (IVF) oocytes (zygotes) after cryopreservation by vitrification (Solid Surface Vitrification; SSV). Mature oocytes having the first polar body after IVM and zygotes having the second polar body at 10 h after IVF were centrifuged at 10,000 × g at 37 C for 20 min and then subjected to SSV. Their viability was evaluated by morphological appearance and fluorescein diacetate staining. The nuclear status of oocytes was evaluated 6 h after vitrification. The developmental ability to the blastocyst stage of vitrified zygotes was evaluated after 6 days of <i>in vitro</i> culture. Although centrifugation did not damage the oocytes directly, it drastically reduced the rate of live oocytes after SSV. The rates of vitrification-induced parthenogenetic activation were similar in both centrifuged and non-centrifuged oocytes (42.4 and 47.4%, respectively). Centrifugation had no significant effects on the viability of pronuclear oocytes. The development of vitrified zygotes to the blastocyst stage was significantly lower than that of the control irrespective of centrifugation pretreatment. There was no difference in the cleavage and blastocyst rates between the control and centrifuged zygotes after vitrification. There was also no difference in the total cell numbers of blastocysts between the control and centrifuged zygotes irrespective of vitrification. These results reveal that, in IVM porcine oocytes, centrifugation pretreatment is highly detrimental to cryotolerance; however, in zygotes, it has only a slight effect on viability and does not alter the developmental competence of surviving zygotes.<br>

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  • The Journal of reproduction and development  

    The Journal of reproduction and development 54(3), 149-155, 2008-06-01 

    THE SOCIETY FOR REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10021219074
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10936678
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09168818
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9542951
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZR22(科学技術--農林水産--畜産)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z54-H305
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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