Defined System for In Vitro Production of Porcine Embryos Using a Single Basic Medium

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We have previously indicated that porcine blastocysts can be produced by <i>in vitro</i> fertilization (IVF) and culture (IVC) in chemically defined porcine gamete medium (PGM) and porcine zygote medium (PZM)-5, respectively, In the present study, the effects of basic media and macromolecular components on <i>in vitro</i> maturation (IVM) were investigated to develop a defined system for <i>in vitro</i> embryo production using a single basic medium through IVM, IVF and IVC. Porcine immature oocytes were matured in porcine oocyte medium (POM) or modified North Carolina State University (mNCSU) 37, which were supplemented with either 10% (v/v) porcine follicular fluid (pFF) or 3 mg/ml polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as a macromolecular component (designated POM+pFF, POM+PVA, mNCSU37+pFF and mNCSU37+PVA). In the maturation with mNCSU37+PVA, the percentages of oocytes that reached the metaphase II stages were significantly lower than those in the other treatments. Following IVM with the above media, oocytes were treated with an electrical stimulus and cycloheximide for parthenogenetic activation and were cultured in PZM-5 for 5 days. The rates of cleavage and blastocyst formation of parthenogenetic oocytes were significantly lowered for maturation with mNCSU37+PVA compared with the other treatments, while there were no significant differences in the total numbers of cells in blastocysts among the treatments. Following IVF and IVC, the rates of penetration, male pronucleus formation, cleavage and blastocyst formation were significantly lower when oocytes were matured in mNCSU37+PVA than in other maturation media. The normal fertilization rate was significantly higher in POM+PVA compared with the other treatments, although the total number of cells in blastocysts was reduced with the addition of PVA to both POM and mNCSU37 compared with pFF supplementation. These results demonstrate that porcine blastocysts can be produced by the defined system using a single basic medium.<br>

収録刊行物

  • The Journal of reproduction and development  

    The Journal of reproduction and development 54(3), 208-213, 2008-06-01 

    THE SOCIETY FOR REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10021219438
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10936678
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09168818
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9543068
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZR22(科学技術--農林水産--畜産)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z54-H305
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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