市民のレジ袋削減への取り組み Citizen-oriented Measures for the Reduction of Plastic Shopping Bags
レジ袋は, ごみの全体量からみると多くないが, レジ袋を断ることは, 私たち誰もが今すぐできる, CO<SUB>2</SUB> (1枚62g) とごみの発生抑制であり, 次の環境行動につながる第一歩となる。今やヨーロッパをはじめ, 世界中で無料配布禁止の動きが加速している。<BR>日本でも有効な削減手段として, レジ袋の有料化が全国の自治体・消費者・事業者の協力で取り組まれており, 実施店舗のレジ袋辞退率は80%を超えている (全国平均はまだ17～18%) 。<BR>私たち3R全国ネットが昨年実施した全国1万人アンケートの結果でも, 約80%の人が「レジ袋削減のために有料化に賛成」と答え, 有料化は消費者の共通理解を得ているといえるのではないか。<BR>基本は一人ひとりがレジ袋を断ること。削減の意識は高まっている。あとは, 「行動に移すきっかけを作る」意味でも, 有料化の意義は大きいと考える。<BR>自治体の姿勢と, 消費者の協力体制が問われている。
Although plastic shopping bags comprise only a small portion of total solid waste volumes, the phase-out of these bags is considered an easy step everyone can take toward reducing their CO<SUB>2</SUB> emission footprint (62g of CO<SUB>2</SUB> per bag) . At the same time, citizens will be reducing the amount of total waste they generate. This is also expected to be a first step people can take as part of new ecologically sound lifestyle behaviors that are on the rise. Recently, there has been a growing trend to prohibit the giving away of plastic bags for free at various establishments worldwide.<BR>In Japan, the practice of placing an additional charge on plastic shopping bags has also been introduced in collaborations between municipalities, consumers, and the private sector. This is seen as an effective means for reducing the number of plastic bags going into the waste stream. The rate of consumers who are now rejecting plastic bags at check-out counters of stores where this measure has been taken has exceeded 80% (the national average, including places where plastic bags are still provided to customers at no additional charge, is still only at 17-18%) .<BR>Based on the results of a survey conducted last year on 10, 000 citizens, 80% of the respondents agreed that with a charge on plastic bags, aimed at reducing the use of plastic bags, consumers have arguably come to a common understanding that there will be a penalty for using plastic bags.<BR>Rejecting plastic bags has become a socially accepted act of environmental consciousness due to the fact that public recognition regarding the necessity to reduce waste has gradually grown. Placing a charge on plastic shopping bags has been significant in motivating those who are already environmentally aware to act. Encouraging positive attitudes regarding this movement among municipalities, and building a better framework for consumer cooperation, are seen to be very important to expanding these efforts.
- 廃棄物学会誌 = WASTE MANAGEMENT RESEARCH
廃棄物学会誌 = WASTE MANAGEMENT RESEARCH 19(5), 215-222, 2008-09-30
Japan Society of Material Cycles and Waste Management