A survey of cellulose biosynthesis in higher plants

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抄録

Cellulose plays a central role in plant development and its biosynthesis represents one of the most important biochemical processes in plant biology. However, the corresponding molecular mechanisms are not well understood, despite the progress made in the past years in the identification of genes that code for the catalytic subunits of the cellulose synthases and other proteins potentially involved in cellulose formation. A major bottleneck is the high instability of the cellulose synthase complexes and their location in the plasma membrane. Additional efforts are currently being made to unravel the mechanisms of cellulose biosynthesis. Indeed, understanding how cellulose is formed and how its crystallinity is achieved is relevant not only for studying plant development, but also for improving the digestibility of the plant biomass, which is foreseen as an alternative to fossil fuels for the production of energy. This review summarizes the major unanswered questions related to the process of cellulose biosynthesis, and describes the recent progress that has been made in the area through the combination of biochemical approaches and molecular genetics.

収録刊行物

  • Plant biotechnology  

    Plant biotechnology 25(3), 315-322, 2008-06-01 

    Japanese Society for Plant Cell and Molecular Biology

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10021913956
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11250821
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    13424580
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9558284
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZR3(科学技術--生物学--植物)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z54-J126
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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