木星大気の雲対流 Moist Convection in Jupiter's Atmosphere

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Traditional understanding and recent studies on the cloud structure of Jupiter's atmosphere are briefly reviewed, and the effects of aerosols on Jupiter's clouds are discussed. The cloud structure of Jupiter's atmosphere has been expected by using Equilibrium Cloud Condensation Model (ECCM) . It shows that H<SUB>2</SUB>O forms the lowest cloud layer and that the cloud layer of NH<SUB>4</SUB>SH and NH<SUB>3</SUB> ice form above that of the H<SUB>2</SUB>O ice. The results of the optical remote sensing by Galileo Orbiter and the direct measurement by Galileo Probe were, however, not consistent with the prediction of ECCM. Recently, we have been numerically investigating possible cloud structures of Jupiter by using moist convection model which can represent convective motion and associated cloud formation explicitly. The results of numerical simulations performed by using moist convection model show that the H<SUB>2</SUB>O and NH<SUB>4</SUB>SH clouds can be advected to the altitude of the NH<SUB>3</SUB> cloud layer by convective motion. For further investigation of the cloud structure of Jupiter's atmosphere, however, it is necessary to consider the effects of the candidate species of aerosols in Jupiter's atmosphere on its cloud microphysics.

収録刊行物

  • エアロゾル研究 = Journal of aerosol research  

    エアロゾル研究 = Journal of aerosol research 22(2), 101-106, 2007-06-20 

    日本エアロゾル学会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10021918164
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10041511
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    09122834
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    8866379
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZP5(科学技術--化学・化学工業--化学工学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z17-1062
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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