日本におけるアスベスト問題の経緯 Historical Aspect of Asbestos Issues in Japan
It has been established that asbestos is associated with asbestosis (pneumoconiosis) , lung cancer and mesothelioma. These health effects are characterized by the following factors: (1) because of the long latency period between exposure and onset of extrinsic malignant neoplasms, the need for earlier preventative measures were left unrecognized; (2) malignant mesothelioma can be developed following exposure at environmental levels; (3) lung cancer is a major malignant neoplasm in which other factors are involved and there is evidence to suggest that the two factors of asbestos exposure and cigarette smoking are synergistic.<BR>Japan has been criticized for being slow to take action, however, it is true, in general, that the status quo of each country is taken into consideration in the application of scientific findings. In retrospect it can be said that there was no validity of the continued use of asbestos in the late 1980s in Japan in terms of its economic status and technological level at that time.<BR>It was also a lesson in creating a mechanism to apply scientific findings to society and determining how the human factor is to be dealt with. The Japan Association of Aerosol Science and Technology will bear responsibility in promoting the spread of information to society when hazardous health effects of new particulate matter are discussed.<BR>The following principles included in EU policy are thought to follow: (1) precautionary principle; (2) prevention principle; (3) ratification at source principle; and (4) polluter pays indemnity principle.
- エアロゾル研究 = Journal of aerosol research
エアロゾル研究 = Journal of aerosol research 23(1), 10-14, 2008-03-20