日本におけるアスベスト問題の経緯 Historical Aspect of Asbestos Issues in Japan

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著者

    • 東 敏昭 HIGASHI Toshiaki
    • 産業医科大学産業生態科学研究所作業病態学研究室 The Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, Dept. of Work Systems and Health, University of Occupational and Environmental Health

抄録

It has been established that asbestos is associated with asbestosis (pneumoconiosis) , lung cancer and mesothelioma. These health effects are characterized by the following factors: (1) because of the long latency period between exposure and onset of extrinsic malignant neoplasms, the need for earlier preventative measures were left unrecognized; (2) malignant mesothelioma can be developed following exposure at environmental levels; (3) lung cancer is a major malignant neoplasm in which other factors are involved and there is evidence to suggest that the two factors of asbestos exposure and cigarette smoking are synergistic.<BR>Japan has been criticized for being slow to take action, however, it is true, in general, that the status quo of each country is taken into consideration in the application of scientific findings. In retrospect it can be said that there was no validity of the continued use of asbestos in the late 1980s in Japan in terms of its economic status and technological level at that time.<BR>It was also a lesson in creating a mechanism to apply scientific findings to society and determining how the human factor is to be dealt with. The Japan Association of Aerosol Science and Technology will bear responsibility in promoting the spread of information to society when hazardous health effects of new particulate matter are discussed.<BR>The following principles included in EU policy are thought to follow: (1) precautionary principle; (2) prevention principle; (3) ratification at source principle; and (4) polluter pays indemnity principle.

収録刊行物

  • エアロゾル研究 = Journal of aerosol research  

    エアロゾル研究 = Journal of aerosol research 23(1), 10-14, 2008-03-20 

    日本エアロゾル学会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10021918850
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10041511
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    09122834
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9427228
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZP5(科学技術--化学・化学工業--化学工学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z17-1062
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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