Recurrence of the cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula at adjacent sinuses following repeated transvenous embolizations : case report and literature review
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We present a unique case of a cavernous sinus (CS) dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF), which recurred at adjacent sinuses following repeated transvenous embolizations (TVEs). A 68-year-old woman presented with progressive left conjunctival chemosis and diplopia. Cerebral angiography revealed a left CS DAVF, which was completely obliterated by TVE via the left inferior petrosal sinus (IPS). Two years later, the DAVF recurred in the left IPS, and again in the left sigmoid sinus (SS) 3 years after the initial treatment in spite of a second TVE. Moreover, the left SS and the left internal jugular vein, which had been previously stenotic, had been occluded. The third TVE resulted in the complete obliteration of the SS DAVF. CS DAVFs may recur at adjacent sinuses even after complete obliteration by TVE. Careful follow-up is necessary to check for the recurrence of DAVFs, especially in cases with venous flow changes, such as sinus occlusion, following endovascular treatment.
- Radiation medicine
Radiation medicine 26(7), 431-437, 2008-08-25