Inflammatory Reaction after Brain Damage and Prospective Therapy Against Damage Impending Cerebral Infarction
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Cytokines which promote emigration of leukocytes from the vascular lumen into the injured brain tissue are produced at the site of incipient cerebral infarction. The blood-borne invaders then accelerate the decomposition of brain cells by their toxic by-products, phagocytic action, and by the immune reaction. Recently accumulated data in our laboratories and other research facilities show that depleting the amount of circulating leukocytes or administering anti-inflammatory chemicals such as cytokine blocking agents, anti-adhesion molecule antibodies, and immunosuppressants effectively minimize the size of ischemia induced cerebral infarction. Based on the fact that leukocyte invasion of the affected brain tissue occurs 6 to 24 hours after onset of ischemia, administration of an anti-inflammatory therapy may widen the therapeutic window against stroke.
- Keio J. Med.
Keio J. Med. 45(3), 270-274, 1996-09-01
The Keio Journal of Medicine