古代西アジアにおける銅冶金術の歴史 A Brief History of the Copper Metallurgy in Ancient Western Asia

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著者

    • 三宅 裕 MIYAKE Yutaka
    • 筑波大学大学院 人文社会科学研究科 Graduate School for Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Tsukuba

抄録

The exploitation of copper in Ancient Western Asia has a long history. Already in the Neolithic period malachite was used as raw material for bead and pigment, and then native copper was shaped into small objects by hammering and annealing. Based on the evidence from copper objects and workshops found in Iran and Anatolia, smelting and casting were carried out in the 5<SUP>th</SUP> millennium B.C. In the early copper production it is likely that the oxide ores such as malachite were used as raw material which was smelted in the crucible set on the shallow pit furnace with the aid of blow pipes. The advent of alloy in the late 4<SUP>th</SUP> millennium B.C., another significant development in early metallurgy, might make casting easier and more successful. The first copper alloy was arsenical copper which continued to produce until the end of the Middle Bronze Age along with bronze, an alloy of copper and tin. By the second half of the 3<SUP>rd</SUP> millennium the copper production in the vicinity of the sources became prevailing. The Late Bronze Age shipwrecks in the Mediterranean provide good evidence for the long distance trade of copper and tin in the shape of ingot.

収録刊行物

  • Journal of MMIJ : journal of the Mining and Materials Processing Institute of Japan  

    Journal of MMIJ : journal of the Mining and Materials Processing Institute of Japan 124(9), 554-561, 2008-09-25 

    The Mining and Materials Processing Institute of Japan

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10021999011
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA12188381
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    18816118
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9664850
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZP41(科学技術--金属工学・鉱山工学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z17-315
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
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