古代西アジアにおける銅冶金術の歴史 A Brief History of the Copper Metallurgy in Ancient Western Asia

この論文にアクセスする

この論文をさがす

著者

    • 三宅 裕 MIYAKE Yutaka
    • 筑波大学大学院 人文社会科学研究科 Graduate School for Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Tsukuba

抄録

The exploitation of copper in Ancient Western Asia has a long history. Already in the Neolithic period malachite was used as raw material for bead and pigment, and then native copper was shaped into small objects by hammering and annealing. Based on the evidence from copper objects and workshops found in Iran and Anatolia, smelting and casting were carried out in the 5<SUP>th</SUP> millennium B.C. In the early copper production it is likely that the oxide ores such as malachite were used as raw material which was smelted in the crucible set on the shallow pit furnace with the aid of blow pipes. The advent of alloy in the late 4<SUP>th</SUP> millennium B.C., another significant development in early metallurgy, might make casting easier and more successful. The first copper alloy was arsenical copper which continued to produce until the end of the Middle Bronze Age along with bronze, an alloy of copper and tin. By the second half of the 3<SUP>rd</SUP> millennium the copper production in the vicinity of the sources became prevailing. The Late Bronze Age shipwrecks in the Mediterranean provide good evidence for the long distance trade of copper and tin in the shape of ingot.

収録刊行物

  • Journal of MMIJ : journal of the Mining and Materials Processing Institute of Japan

    Journal of MMIJ : journal of the Mining and Materials Processing Institute of Japan 124(9), 554-561, 2008-09-25

    The Mining and Materials Processing Institute of Japan

参考文献:  26件中 1-26件 を表示

  • <no title>

    MIYAKE Y.

    Journal of West Asian Archaeology 2, 7-20, 2001

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    SOLECKI R. S.

    The Proto-Neolithic Cemetery in Shanidar Cave, 2004

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    OZDOGAN M.

    The Beginnings of Metallurgy, 1999

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    YALCIN U.

    The Beginnings of Metallurgy, 1999

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    MUHLY J. D.

    The Beginning of the Use of Metals and Alloys, 1988

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    YALCIN U.

    Metallurgica Antiqua, 1998

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    YALCIN U.

    Turkish Academy of Sciences Journal of Archaeology 3, 109-128, 2000

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    MAJIDZADEH Y.

    Essays in Ancient Civilization : Presented to H. J. Kantor, 1989

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    CALDWELL J. R.

    Journal of Near Eastern Studies 27, 178-183, 1968

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    LEVY T.

    World Archaeology 20, 352-372, 1989

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    ZWICKER U.

    Furnaces and Smelting Technology in Antiquity, 1985

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    CRADDOCK P. T.

    Early Metal Mining and Production, 1995

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    HAUPTMANN A.

    Zur fruhen Metallurgie des Kupfers in Feinan/Jordanien, 2000

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    BAR-ADON P.

    The Cave of the Treasure, 1980

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    SHALEV S.

    The Beginnings of Metallurgy, 1999

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    MOOREY P. R. S.

    Ancient Mesopotamian Materials and Industries, 1994

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    OZBAL H.

    Adriaens : Anatolica 24, 167-170, 1998

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    YENER A.

    Science 244, 200-203, 1989

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    DERCKSEN J.

    Anatolian Metal III, 17-34, 2005

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    WEISGERBER G.

    Anatolian Metal II, 179-186, 2002

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    WEISGERBER G.

    Journal of Oman Studies 6, 269-276, 1983

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    PULAK C.

    International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 27, 188-224, 1998

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    BASS G.

    Shipwrecks in the Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology, 1996

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    PULAK C.

    Anatolian Metal 1, 137-157, 2000

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    GALE N. H.

    Bronze Age Trade in the Mediterranean, 1991

    被引用文献1件

  • <no title>

    BASS G.

    Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 57(8), 3-177, 1967

    被引用文献1件

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10021999011
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA12188381
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    18816118
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9664850
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZP41(科学技術--金属工学・鉱山工学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z17-315
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  J-STAGE 
ページトップへ