A Novel Amphipathic Linear Peptide with Both Insect Toxicity and Antimicrobial Activity from the Venom of the Scorpion Isometrus maculatus

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Scorpion venoms are composed of a number of peptides, many of which show neurotoxicity. In addition to these neurotoxins, several antimicrobial peptides have also been isolated from the venoms. The scorpion <I>Isometrus maculatus</I>, belonging to the Buthidae family, is found in many tropical regions including Japan, but little attention has been paid to its biological activity and chemical composition. In this study, we isolated a novel insect toxin, Im-1, by bioassay-guided fractionation of the venom of <I>I. maculatus</I>. Rapid and reversible paralysis was observed after injection of Im-1 into crickets. Im-1 consists of 56 amino acids, and is predicted to form an amphipathic α-helix. Since Im-1 shares sequence similarity to an antimicrobial peptide, parabutoporin, we evaluated its effects on several bacterial strains and found that it showed an antimicrobial activity profile similar to parabutoporin. This suggests that Im-1 and parabutoporin exert their antimicrobial effects through similar mechanisms.

収録刊行物

  • Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

    Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry 74(2), 364-369, 2010-02-23

    Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    10027551635
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10824164
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09168451
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    10580021
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZR7(科学技術--農林水産--農産) // ZR2(科学技術--生物学--生化学) // ZP1(科学技術--化学・化学工業)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z53-G223
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  J-STAGE 
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