マンガのスピード線の視覚的効果 : 空間的注意喚起の実験的検討 Visual Effect of "Speed Lines" in Manga : An Experimental Study on Spatial Attention
Manga is a visual art consisting of still images, words, and various symbolic rep-<br>resentations. "Speed lines" are type of the symbolic representation in manga. They<br> are typically depicted as several lines placed on the opposite side of the direction of<br> motion. Although readers of manga can empirically estimate the motion direction of<br> objects with speed lines, few studies have experimentally examined the perception of<br> speed lines. We hence investigated spatial attention arising from speed lines by using a<br> pre-cuing technique (Posner, 1980). For example, if speed lines placed on the left side of<br> a depicted object induced a rightward motion perception, then spatial attention to the<br> right should be enhanced. A total of thirty university students who have read manga<br> before participated in two experiments. In Experiment 1, we employed schematic balls<br> with or without speed lines as cues and measured reaction times for three different<br> conditions. Target stimuli were presented on the opposite or the same side of the speed<br> lines across the balls in the congruent and incongruent conditions, respectively. In the<br> neutral condition, the schematic balls without speed lines were used as cues. Reaction times were found to be shorter for the congruent condition than the incongruent<br> and neutral conditions. In Experiment 2, schematic balls with four figures instead of speed<br> lines were used as cues in order to elucidate the particularity of the speed lines. Reac-<br>tion times were shorter for the congruent and incongruent conditions than the neutral con-<br>dition, and did not differ significantly between the congruent and incongruent conditions. These results indicated that spatial attention toward the direction of motion<br> corresponding to manga artists' intention was aroused by speed lines. Therefore, we<br> conclude that adults who read manga can perceive the motion direction of objects with<br> speed lines.
- 認知科学 = Cognitive studies : bulletin of the Japanese Cognitive Science Society
認知科学 = Cognitive studies : bulletin of the Japanese Cognitive Science Society 20(1), 79-89, 2013-03-01
Japanese Cognitive Science Society