A Comparative Study of Ritual Tooth Ablation in Ancient China and Japan

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This paper comparatively examines ritual tooth ablation in ancient China and Japan. In China, as far as it is known at present, ritual tooth ablation first appeared among the people of the Shandong-North Jiangsu region, at least 6500 years ago, and then became very popular amongst the people of the Dawenkou culture of coastal China. In Japan, on the other hand, this custom was performed extensively among the people of the Late-Final Jomon period. This results in a time lag in their periods of prevalence of about 2000 years. There are also significant differences in the form of tooth ablation in ancient China and Japan. China is represented by the bilateral ablation of the upper lateral incisors (2I<sup>2</sup> type), and with the exception of a small group, showed no remarkable temporal change after its inception. Ritual ablation in Japan was more complex and the number of teeth extracted during this custom's most prevalent period was more numerous than that of China. On the other hand, there exist several points which may suggest some relation between both countries, such as the basic similarities in the age at commencement of ablation, the prevalence of extraction of under incisors from the Late Jomon period in western Japan and the existence of the same style of ablation in the peoples of nearly the same period in China. Especially, the abrupt increase of extraction of the upper lateral incisors in the people of the Yayoi period, such as Doigahama, who show morphological resemblances with the neolithic people of northern China, may suggest the influence of Chinese tradition. Although it is difficult, at the present, to trace and conclude any specific relationship between the traditions of these two countries due to the lack of skeletal remains from China corresponding to the Late-Final Jomon and Yayoi periods in Japan, these results strongly suggest the significance and necessity for further studies.

収録刊行物

  • 人類學雜誌

    人類學雜誌 104(1), 43-64, 1996

    学術雑誌目次速報データベース由来

参考文献:  62件中 1-62件 を表示

被引用文献:  3件中 1-3件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110000070832
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA10915022
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    09187960
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    3937890
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS1(科学技術--人類学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z19-11
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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