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Seven or eight years have passed since major revisions of the educational guidelines for nursery school and kindergarten and child care polices were made. The time has now come to investigate how the concept of "expression" is being defined and utilised. In this paper, the author examined students who hope to become nursery school teachers regarding their music skills in a performance environment. Then, students who had already graduated were given an examination to test their ability to interpret music and their performance in a musical environment. Based on the results, it was found that the concept of "expression" regarding music was unclear, and guidlines need to be established in the future. This study revealed the necessity of revising the methods of teaching the music curriculum, The current teaching methodology does help students to develop some music skills during their two years of study, but their repertory of songs, particularly regarding young children's songs, was deficient. The current teaching methodology prepares students to play music as an activity for an event, but it does little in the way of crearing a true musical environment for the music itself.