学生の進路選択に対する自己効力に関する研究 The study of college students' self-efficacy regarding careerdecision making
The present study contained three parts : (1) Explaining the implication of self-efficacy expectations regarding career decision making for college students; (2) Examining validity and reliability of the scale to measure self-efficacy expectations; (3) Prospecting the direction for future studies. In the first part, it was emphasized that we should helpfully intervene in students' career decision-making because they could not do it independently. From the viewpoint of possibility of intervention, three factors, career development/maturity, ability of career decision making by themselves (shutai-teki na shinrosentaku-ryoku in Japanese) and self-efficacy were compared each other. Consequently, it was suggested that self-efficacy expectation was the most useful concept as an intervening variable for their career decision making. After the concept of career decision-making self-efficacy was proposed by Taylor & Betz (1983), some studies has been conducted. However, few Japanese researchers have paid attention to such a construct. Thus it was necessary for us to make a new scale to measure it for Japanese college students. The second part involved constructing the scale of career decision-making self-efficacy expectations and examining the relationships between the scale and other two variables, vocational indecision and general efficacy. Although factor analysis of career decision-making self-efficacy was conducted, an only general factor was found. Internal consistency of the scale was high. The coefficient of test-retest reliability was .814 at the interval of two weeks. Concerning the relationships between career decision-making self-efficacy and three components of vocational indecision, significantly negative correlations were shown. In particular, one of the latter components named as a lack of information and confidence with respect to career decisions was outstandingly related to the former variable. Also strength of career decision-making self-efficacy was strongly and positively related to general efficacy. These relationships provided evidence of construct validity of the created scale. In the last part, two directions for future research were proposed. The first direction was to make clear the career decision making process and the effect of career decision-making self-efficacy on decision making behavior using longitudinal method. The second direction was to change career decision-making self-efficacy by means of intervention based on self-efficacy theory.