大学生における同一性の諸相とその構造 A STUDY OF IDENTITY STATUSES AND THEIR STRUCTURE IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
This study was based on: (1)the construction of an identity status scale based on the examination and refinement of the identity status concept used by Marcia, J.E.(2)the examination of a status distribution within the university student population.(3)the evaluation of the significance of crises and commitments in eleven psychosocial areas and three developmental periods.(4)the examination of the features of each identity status. After reviewing and examining previous studies, the following two questionnaires were compiled, and administered to 170 male and 140 female under graduates. The first composed of an identity status scale defined six identity statuses based on three variables: present commitment, past crisis, future commitment pursuit. The second is composed of a crisis-commitment questionnaire measuring the level of crisis and commitment in eleven areas(e.g.relations with family members, life styles and values, etc.)and three developmental periods(ie.the present, the time following students' admission to the university, and the second year of high school). The validity of the identity status scale was checked using the responses of three apathetic clients as a standard of comparison. The principal results were as follows:(1)Both identity diffusion status and foreclosure status represented only four percent of the total sample.(2)Identity diffusiion-moratorium intermediate status represented about fifty percent of the total sample.(3)In males, the level of crisis and commitment in the areas of "future occupation" and "life styles and values", and the level of commitment in the area of "study", varied significantly among identity statuses.(4)In females, the level of crisis during "the time following students' admission to the university", and the level of commitment in such areas as "relations with friends of the same sex", "study", "future occupation", and "life styles and values", varied significantly among identity statuses.(5)Such areas as "political attitude-activity" and "religion" were not significant in the formation of university students' identity statuses. The features of each identity status and sex differences were also closely examined, especially in relation to the level of crisis and commitment following admission to a university.