大学生の独自性欲求の類型化に関する研究 A STUDY ON NEED FOR UNIQUENESS IN ADOLESCENTS
The purposes of the present study were to explore the possibility of typing 'need for uniqueness' proposed by Snyder and Fromkin, and to examine the characteristics of these types. New items measuring need for uniqueness, the Japanese version of the need for uniqueness scale developed by Snyder and Fromkin, and the mental set scale for creativity by Mishima et al. Were administered to 224 university studens. By means of various statistical analyses, a new reliable and valid scale for measuring need for uniqueness (Uniqueness Scale) was constructed. In accordance with this scale, 'need for uniqueness' was divided into four types ; (a)going my way (calm) type ; (b) repressed type ; (c) self-exhibited type, and (d) self-centered type. Among these types, going my way and self-exhibited types showing scores in mental set scale for creativity.