自己嫌悪感尺度の作成 THE CONSTRUCTION OF SELF-DISGUST SCALE
The purpose of this study was to construct the SELF-DISGUST SCALE. In this study, self-disgust was defined as a feeling that "whether in fact or not, one recognizes that negative feeling or negative phenomenon comes from himself and feels himself disgusting". The elements to be contained in the SELF-DISGUST SCALE were : 1. aggression for himself, 2. helplessness or discouragement, and 3. self destruction. 21 items were selected. Although this scale had three elements, factor analysis suggested that this scale consisted of one factor. Reliability examined by Cronbach's alpha coefficient and split-half technique proved sufficiently high. Conceptual validity was examined in relations with two scales on negative self, self-esteem, and self-consciousness. By Pearson's correlation coefficients, SELF-DISGUST was negatively related to self-esteem, and positively related to other scales. These results showed this scale had satisfying conceptual validities. But private self-consciousness was positively related to SELF-DISGUST only in male. This unexpected sex difference and the one-structure of this scale were considered to contain much implication for further elaboration of a study on self-disgust.
教育心理学研究 44(3), 296-302, 1996-09-30