開示状況における開示意向と開示規範からのズレとについて : 性格特徴との関連 THE WILLINGNESS OF SELF-DISCLOSURE AND THE DEVIATION FROM NORMATIVE SELF-DISCLOSURE IN DISCLOSURE SITUATIONS
This report proposed a revised version of self-reporting Self-Disclosure Situations Survey (SDSS) originally developed by Chelune (1976). SDSS provided two total scores: the willingness of self-disclosure and the deviation from normative self-disclosure in a number of situations. Study I examined SDSS's reliability and the structure of disclosure situations by means of factor analysis. Five disclosure situations were identified: personal situations, unfamiliar situations, extraordinary situations, private situations, and family situations. Study II investigated the relation of the two scores with some personality characteristics. It was suggested that the willingness score could be a valid index for discloser's mental health and that the deviation score reflected discloser's public aspects of self-consciousness. Further implications were discussed.