バスケットボールにおけるチェストパス能力を高める上肢のプライオメトリックス手段に関する研究  [in Japanese] A study of plyometrics exercises of upper limb to improve the chest pass ability in basketball  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 三浦 健 Miura Ken
    • 鹿屋体育大学・コーチ学講座 National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Department for Methodology of Sports
    • 図子 浩二 Zushi Koji
    • 鹿屋体育大学・コーチ学講座 National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Department for Methodology of Sports
    • 松田 三笠 Matsuda Mikasa
    • 鹿屋体育大学・コーチ学講座 National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Department for Methodology of Sports
    • 清水 信行 Shimizu Nobuyuki
    • 鹿屋体育大学・コーチ学講座 National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Department for Methodology of Sports

Abstract

本研究では,もらったパスをできるだけ短時間に反動的に出すチェストパス能力を高めるトレーニング手段を明らかにするために,大学男子バスケットボール選手25名を対象にして,胸部上に落下したボールを受け止め即座に投げ上げる反動付きチェストパス(RCP)と反動を伴わないチェストパス(PCP)を,4種類の重さのボールで実施させ,その際の接手時間(RCPtc)と投げ上げ高(RCPh,PCPh)について検討した.さらに,このチェストパス能力とベンチプレスにおける最大挙上重量(BPmax)との関係についても検討した.本研究の結果は次の通りである.(1)バスケットボール(0.6kg)・1kg・3kg・5kgとボールの重量が重くなるほど,RCPhおよびPCPhは,いずれも有意に低くなる傾向が認められた.一方,RCPtcは有意に長くなる傾向が認められた.(2)RCPhとRCPtcの関係は,いずれのボール重量においても,有意な相関関係は認められなかった.これらのことは,短時間に投げる能力と大きな仕事をして高いボール速度を獲得する能力は独立した二つの能力であることを示すものである.(3)この二つの要因(RCPhとRCPtc)からみたポジションの特性について検討すると,ガードポジションの選手(Guard Player)が他の選手(Non Guard Player)に比較して,RCPhに有意な差はないが,RCPtcは有意に短いことが認められた.これらのことは,Guard Playerは,上肢におけるバリスティックなパワーが高く,短時間にパスを遂行する能力に優れていることを示すものである.(4)RCPにおいては,RCPhとRCPtcのいずれにおいても,バスケットボールを用いた場合と,1kg・3kg・5kgのボールを用いた場合との間のいずれにおいても有意な相関関係が認められた.しかし,上肢の筋力を評価するBPmaxとの間には,いずれにおいても有意な相関関係は認められなかった.これらのことは,バスケットボールにおけるチェストパス能力を高めるためには,1kg・3kg・5kgのボールを用いたトレーニング手段が,ベンチプレスなどの手段よりも直接的には効果のある可能性を示すものである.これらの結果は,バスケットボール選手のためのチェストパス能力を高めるためのトレーニング法を考える場合に有益であるとともに,上肢のプライオメトリックスに関する原則を考える場合の一助になると思われる.

We studied training exercises designed to improve the chest pass ability of basketball players, enabling them to pass the ball in as short a time as possible, as soon they catch a ball. The subjects were 25 male college basketball players, who performed rebound chest passes, catching four balls of varying weights (basketball (0.6kg), 1kg, 3kg, 5kg). When the ball landed on the player's chest, it was thrown immediately. Press chest passes without counteraction were also performed. The contact time of the hands and the height of the chest passes were examined. Furthermore, the relationship between a player's chest pass ability and bench press capacity was also examined as an index of strength. The results can be summarized as follows: (1) There was a tendency that for both the press and rebound chest pass, the height of the ball during the pass became increasingly lower, corresponding to an increase in ball weight (0.6kg, 1kg, 3kg, 5kg). In addition, the contact time of the rebound chest pass become longer as the ball weight increased. (2) There was no significant correlation between contact time and height in the rebound chest pass between the differently weighted balls. It was found that there are two independent skills throwing in a short time, and gaining a high ball speed for very effective passing. (3) A comparison of the nature of these two factors (contact time and height) was conducted between guard position players and other players. There was no significant difference in height, but contact time was significantly shorter for guard position players than for players in other positions. It was found that guard position players have superior ballistic power in the upper limbs, and better ability to execute a throw in a very a short time. (4) There was a significant correlation between contact time and height in the rebound chest pass, both when using the basketball and when using balls of different weight (1kg, 3kg and 5kg). However, there was no significant correlation between bench press capacity (used as an indicator of upper limb strength), and contact time and height in the rebound chest pass among the four different balls. This indicates that training with weighted balls (1kg, 3kg and 5kg) may be more directly effective than methods such as the bench press for improving chest pass ability in basketball. These findings are potentially useful for clarifying effective training exercises to improve the chest pass ability of basketball players, and appear to concur with the principles of plyometrics of the upper limbs.

Journal

  • Research of physical education   [List of Volumes]

    Research of physical education 47(2), 141-154, 2002-03-10  [Table of Contents]

    Japanese Society of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences

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Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110001918024
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00409623
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    04846710
  • NDL Article ID
    6126629
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF21(教育--体育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-293
  • Data Source
    CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS 
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