PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF NON-LINEAR SITE EFFECTS AT PORT ISLAND VERTICAL ARRAY STATION DURING THE 1995 HYOGOKEN-NAMBU EARTHQUAKE.
A preliminary analysis was made of the propagation of seismic waves in a vertical array during the 1995 Hyogoken-nambu earthquake (M_<JMA> = 7.2). The vertical array is located on reclaimed land called "Port Island" about 17 km from the epicenter. We used the 1D Haskell linear method to simulate the motions at surficial stations (32,16,and 0 m) from the imposed motion given by records at the deeper station at 83m. The linear simulation satisfactorily explains the vertical component of the observed motions; but, both observed horizontal components are overestimated. Non-linear simulation was done to explain the behavior of the horizontal components. We used the finite-difference technique and step by step time integration for this simulation. With this method, the simulated and observed horizontal components are in good agreement, showing the strong influence of the non-linear effect in the horizontal components and the linear amplification of the vertical components. This provides a good explanation of why the vertical motions had disproportionate large amplitudes in comparison with the horizontal ones.
- Journal of natural disaster science
Journal of natural disaster science 16(2), 49-58, 1995-01-01