クワ萎縮病, ジャガイモてんぐ巣病, Aster yellows感染ペチュニアならびにキリてんぐ巣病の罹病茎葉篩部に見出されたMycoplasma様(あるいはPLT様)微生物について  [in Japanese] Mycoplasma-or PLT Group-like Microorganisms Found in the Phloem Elements of Plants Infected with Mulberry Dwarf, Potato Witches' Broom, Aster Yellows, or Paulownia Witches' Broom  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

Repeated electron microscopic examinations of thin sections of young leaves and shoots from mulberry tree infected naturally or artificially with dwarf disease, have failed to show any such uniform particles, sphericalor elongated, as have been described for plant virus in the past. Presence of specific, pleomorphic bodies, however, have been demonstrated consistently in the siebe tubes and occasionally also in the phloem-paren-chyma cells. These bodies are spherical to irregularly ellipsoidal in shape, and 80 to 800 mμ in diameter. They possess a two-layered limiting membrane of about 8 mμ in thickness, instead of cell wall. The smaller bodies, 100〜250mμ in diameter, are nearly round, and gener7ally filled with ribosome-like granules of about 13 mμ in diameter. Sometimes net-strands similar to those found in the nuclear regions of other bacteria were located in the less electron dense area. The larger bodies are occupied by a large central vacuole surrounded with ribosome-like granules at the periphery. Frequently, structures similar to nuclear net-strands are observed inside the vacuolated area. The gross morphology and fine structure of these bodies seem to be similar to the descriptions of either the cells of Mycoplasma species (Pleuropneumonia-like organisms)or agents of Psittacosis-Lymphogranuloma-Trachoma group as given by Domermuth et al. (1964), and others, though any agents of such groups have as yet not been reported from plants, so far as we know. Most of the smaller bodies may correspond to the "elementary bodies". Occasiona11y, budding-like protrusion of constriction of the larger bodies, suggestive of small body formation, were observed. The diversity in the size of the bodies found simultaneously in the phloem may represent their developmental stages. Moreover, therapeutic effectiveness of tetracyclines to mulberry dwarf (Ishiie et al.,1967), and disappearance of the specific bodies in the phloem of the plants recovered by tetracycline treatment, may provide an evidence in favor of Mycoplasma hypothesis. In view of the constant association of the organism in considerable amounts in the phloem of dwarfed plants, the consistent absence of those in healthy plants, the failure to demonstrate particles of any true virus nature, and the apparent sensitivity to tetracycline, it is suggested that the Mycoplasma-like organism described above may be the causal agent of mulberry dwarf disease, although further experiments are necessary for an undisputed proof of etiology and taxonomy. Presence of similar Mycoplasma-like organisms in the phloem tissues has been confirmed in the preparations from witches' broom potato, witches' broom paulownia, and petunia infected with aster yellows. Negative results were obtained in those from check plants. An attempt to isolate and culture the organisms in question on artificial media is now in progress. These results suggest that reexaminations of the causal agent would be desirable for the yellows and witches' broom group which are transmitted by leafhoppers, or by grafting, and in which it is difficult to detect "typical virus particles".(Received July 19,1967)

Journal

Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan   [List of Volumes]

Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan 33(4), 259-266, 1967-09-30  [Table of Contents]

The Phytopathological Society of Japan (PSJ)

Cited by:  13

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Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID) :
    110002758969
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID) :
    AN0019269X
  • Text Lang :
    JPN
  • Article Type :
    Journal Article
  • ISSN :
    00319473
  • NDL Article ID :
    8390551
  • NDL Source Classification :
    ZR7(科学技術--農林水産--農産)
  • NDL Call No. :
    Z18-347
  • Databases :
    CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS