性別アイデンティティのデモグラフィック規定因に関する基礎的研究 : 認知相関指標を用いた尺度による Demographic determinants of gender-Identity : A study using within-individual correlations
Four-hundred men and women of various ages and various stages of life judged 36 concrete behaviors and attributes in terms of how well they apply to their own ideal and real self-images. They also evaluated the gender conventionality of the same set of attributes. Within-subject correlation coefficients were calculated between the self-image responses and gender responses for each subject and were used as indices of four types of sex self-identities: ideal male identity, ideal female identity, real male identity, and real female identity. Construct and discriminant validity of these new individual difference scores were confirmed through a comparison of these scores between career women and housewives without jobs. Differing effects of age, occupational status, marital and familial statuses on these four types of sex self-identities were ascertained, giving support to the conceptual discrimination between the ideal gender identities and the real sex self-identities. Evidences are discussed to clarify the advantages of the present indices over the previous measurements of gender identity, such as B.S.R.I. or P.A.Q..
社会心理学研究 8(1), 56-63, 1993