A New Enzyme Immunoassay for a Solid Chinese Crude Drug, Pinellia Tuber
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A new immunoassay for a solid Chinese crude drug was studied. An antiserum specific for Pinellia tuber was elicited in two rabbits. Using the antiserum and powdered Pinellia tuber-coated microtiter plate as the immunological reagents, and β-D-galactosidase-labeled goat anti-rabbit immunoglobulin G (IgG) as the tracer, a new enzyme immunoassay for a solid Pinellia tuber with a working range between 0.1 and 1000 μg/ml was developed.The assay was specific for a solid Pinallia tuber and showed low cross-reaction values on other Chinese crude drugs and the extract of Pinellia tuber. The specificity of the assay was compared with the selected antibody enzyme immunoassay (SAEIA) for the extract of Pinellia tuber recently developed. Both methods untilized the same immunological reagents such as th serum and the enzyme-labeled goat anti-rabbit IgG, and theonly difference between them was the solid-phase antigen used. The assay results of several antigens determined by them were quite different, showing that selective measurements of different antigens, either solid or the extract of Pinellia tuber, were possible using the same antiserum, when the tracing reaction in the immunoassay was adequately selected.