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The aim of this study was to observe the influence of prosthesis design and loading condition on the stress distributions of tooth-implant supported prostheses. Six 2D finite element models, two reference models, and four experimental models were computed to simulate different prosthesis designs. Six different loading conditions were applied to investigate the stress distributions of tooth and implant, respectively. The stresses of reference models were considered as 100%; the stresses of experimental models at the same locations were compared with those of reference models. The stresses around implants were higher than those around teeth. When vertical loading was applied only on the implant, the stresses to both the implant and teeth were at their lowest. The highest stress to the tooth was in the model TTPF and the lowest in the model TPFF. The highest stress to the implant was in the model TPPF and the lowest in the model TPFF. These data indicated that the loading on the tooth-implant supported prosthesis was mainly supported by the implant. Minimizing the loading on the tooth decreased the stress to both the tooth and the implant. Adding fixtures as abutment was more effective in decreasing the stress than adding tooth as abutment in tooth-implant supported prosthesis.