中学生用ストレス反応尺度の作成の試み Development of Stress Response Scale for Junior High School Students
The purpose of this study was to develope the stress response scale for junior high school students, as a part of researches explaining school maladjustment. 670 junior high school students were required to estimate their recent moods, thoughts, and physical states for each of 68 items. Except for 68 students missing to fulfill all items, the data of 602 students were adopted for following analyses. As a result of factor analysis, four main factors -"irritated-angry affect", "physical response", "depressive-anxious feeling", and "cognition-thought of helplessness"- were extracted, ar-coefficients were enough high to support the high reliability of each factor. Furthermore, the results of analyses of variance on grade and gender revealed that the upper class students showed higher stress responses in "depressive-anxious affect" and "cognition-thought of helplessness", and that girls did in all factors except for "irritated-angry affect". For screening the students who tend to fall into school malajustments, further studies to examine the validity of this scale should be required.