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This paper summarizes a survey on the influence of milieu in the architectural concepts of a Japanese architect. The evolution of the residential architecture of Shinohara Kazuo has been analyzed through its relationship with social, physical and mental space related to the tendencies of milieu in the spatial environment. Reference to Society (through tradition and modernity), to Nature (in the perception of landscape), and to Space (physical space of the city and mental space of architectural concepts) revealed the influence of milieu. The data was compiled from the architect's discourse in writing and drawings. The influence of milieu on residential architecture has been stressed through the modelization of housing spatial structures and urban patterns.