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In older the times, when women often delivered children at home, a midwife was familiarly called a nickname such as SANBA and her professional achievement was highly respected. But as the number of childbirths increased in medical clinics and hospitals, midwife activity became inconspicuous. I thought it important to trace the historical activities and achievements of midwives and then to compare those with modern midwife activities. My investigation was carried out in Izumo City. I found three stone monuments honoring the great contribution of midwives to delivery and child care in their communities. And midwives who had practiced for many years in small, remote towns told stories from their work. The principal part of a midwife's job is to deal with birth. This work has remained unchanged. But, a midwife today is much more involved in household affairs than in past. She should have a closer relationship with the client's household and provide increased community-based support.