在日中国系留学生用ソーシャル・サポート尺度作成の試み An attempt to construct a social support scale for Chinese students in Japan
The purpose of the present study was to construct a social support scale for Chinese students in Japan. It was presumed that the structure of social support was composed of two basic factors - area and type of support. Areas of support included Academic, Human relationship, Emotional, and Environmental-cultural areas. Types of support included Tangible, Mental, Directive, and Informational types. Twenty-three Chinese students were interviewed, about what kind of support they needed and/or what kind of support they had received regarding each of the 16 conditions from these 4 areas × 4 types. The common responses obtained by 3 or more subjects yielded 36 items. Next 11 Japanese graduate students were asked to classify the 36 items into one of the 16 conditions. Twenty-nine items showed agreement of 80% or more. No item was classified into the condition of Emotional area × Informational type. Internal consistency between sub-items was shown when a condition consisted of two or three sub-items. In this manner, a social support scale for Chinese students in Japan was constructed consisting of 15 conditions with 29 items.
社会心理学研究 8(3), 235-245, 1993