ドライビングシミュレータによる事故多発地帯の再現と交通コンフリクト発生時における挙動分析(機械力学,計測,自動制御) Experimental Reproduction of Accident Prone Area Using a Driving Simulator and Behavioral Analyses in Traffic Conflicts(Mechanical Systems)

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抄録

The Meihan highway linking Kameyama in Mie Prefecture and Tenri in Nara Prefecture is one of most accident-prone areas in Japan. Representative accident factors that have been identified for the Meihan highway are chronic speeding and complex road alignments, including many sharp curves and steep slopes. One particular section is known as the "Omega curve" as the road shape is similar to the Greek character "Ω". In this study, the probable effects of proposed plans to improve the road alignment of the Nakahata section are investigated by performing driving simulations to identify typical hazards, ranging from traffic conflicts to vehicle accidents. It was found that incidents that begin as a minor traffic conflicts can frequently escalate to become a fatal accidents. It was also found that improved road alignment generally reduces the required tire forces. For typical traffic conflict patterns reproduced using the driving simulator, it was found that road alignment resulted in considerable improvements in safety indexes which are effective indicators for the occurrence of rear-end collisions.

収録刊行物

  • 日本機械学會論文集. C編  

    日本機械学會論文集. C編 74(738), 250-258, 2008-02-25 

    一般社団法人日本機械学会

参考文献:  8件

被引用文献:  1件

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110006623658
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00187463
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    03875024
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9391986
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZN11(科学技術--機械工学・工業)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z16-1056
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL 
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