我が国のアサリ漁獲量激減の要因について Factors responsible for the drastic catch decline of the Manila clam Ruditapes phillipinarum in Japan

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我が国のアサリRuditapes phillipinarumの総漁獲量は,1960年には10万トンであった。その後,一部に漁場の埋め立てによる減少があったにも関わらず,1982年には14万トンまで増加したが,1984年から激減して,1994年にはわずか3分の1程度(5万トン)になり,その後もこの水準が続いている。著者らはアサリの生態や資源に関する報告を総括し,1984年以降のアサリ漁獲量の激減の主要因を過剰な漁業活動,すなわち親貝と種貝用の稚貝に対する過剰漁獲と結論づけた。それ以外にも,周年の過剰操業による底質擾乱は,稚貝の生残率低下を助長した可能性が高いと考えられる。The annual catch of the Manila clam Ruditapes phillipinarum in Japan increased from 100 thousand tonnes in 1960 to 140 thousand tonnes in 1982. This increase occurred despite a local decrease in coastal fishing grounds due to land reclamation and helped to balance overall production. Since 1984, however, the catch has decreased drastically to only 50 thousand tonnes and has remained at this low level. The authors reviewed published reports relevant to the ecology and resources of Manila clam and concluded that the main factor responsible for the drastic decrease in catch is over-fishing. Over-exploitation of the adults and sub-adults significantly affected and damaged reproduction and source-sink relationships among localities. Disturbance of the clam habitat throughout the year by heavy fishing gear may also be responsible for lowering the survival rate of the juveniles.

  The annual catch of the Manila clam <i>Ruditapes phillipinarum</i> in Japan increased from 100 thousand tonnes in 1960 to 140 thousand tonnes in 1982. This increase occurred despite a local decrease in coastal fishing grounds due to land reclamation and helped to balance overall production. Since 1984, however, the catch has decreased drastically to only 50 thousand tonnes and has remained at this low level. The authors reviewed published reports relevant to the ecology and resources of Manila clam and concluded that the main factor responsible for the drastic decrease in catch is over-fishing. Over-exploitation of the adults and sub-adults significantly affected and damaged reproduction and source-sink relationships among localities. Disturbance of the clam habitat throughout the year by heavy fishing gear may also be responsible for lowering the survival rate of the juveniles.<br>

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  • 日本水産学会誌 = Bulletin of the Japanese Society of Scientific Fisheries

    日本水産学会誌 = Bulletin of the Japanese Society of Scientific Fisheries 74(2), 137-143, 2008-03-15

    The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science

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被引用文献:  8件中 1-8件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110006644789
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00193422
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00215392
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9433049
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZR26(科学技術--農林水産--水産)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z18-345
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  NII-ELS  IR  J-STAGE 
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