職場用コーピング尺度の作成および信頼性・妥当性の検討 DEVELOPMENT OF A SCALE FOR WORKERS' COPING BEHAVIOR: ITS RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY
The purpose of this study is to develop a scale for measuring coping with job stressors. Stress process and coping function provide the theoretical framework. Coping is conceptualized as situation-specific behavior. We measure episodic coping, that is, the strategies that individuals actually use in coping with a particular situation. First, a preliminary scale, was prepared. It contained 39 coping behaviors with job stressor which were based on an open-ended pilot study. Next, factor analysis was conducted in order to identify the structure of the scale. Subjects of this study were 649 male employees and 91 female employees of a in manufacturing firm and research and development institute. By occupation they were comprised of 383 profesionals, 99 technicians, 96 clerks, 104 miscellaneous workers and 58 of unknown occupation. Seven items in the preliminary scale were omitted because of their psychometrical properties. Finally, factor analysis showed three factors in the scale: positive action and cognition (11 items), avoidant action and cognition (10 items), and symptom management (11 items). The coping scale showed high conceptual validity and reliability.