知的障害者が働く作業現場におけるデジタルカメラ活用の効果  [in Japanese] Effect of Digital Camera Use in the Workplace for Persons with Mental Retardation  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 熊井 正之 KUMAI Masayuki
    • 東北大学大学院教育情報学研究部 Graduate School of Educational Informatics Research Division, Tohoku University
    • 渡部 信一 WATABE Shinichi
    • 東北大学大学院教育情報学研究部 Graduate School of Educational Informatics Research Division, Tohoku University

Abstract

5名の知的障害者が働く清掃作業現場においてデジタルカメラを活用する実践を行った.1.知的障害者がデジタルカメラで作業コース上の落ち葉やゴミを撮影する,2.作業場所を示す地図上に撮影した写真を貼る,3.撮影された写真と地図をもとにどの部分が汚れているか共通理解できるよう打ち合わせを行う,という手続きをとった.実践が進むにしたがい,撮影では全員がより重要な情報を映し出すようになった.写真を地図上に貼ったところ,どこから落ち葉が飛んでくるかを考えるようになり対象者間の会話が促進した.共通理解のための打ち合わせを行ったところ,落ち葉のたまった場所や量を確認して自発的に落ち葉の多い場所の作業を行うようになり,最終的には状況に応じた協同作業が可能になった.このような変化によって作業の効率が上がった.これらの結果から,デジタルカメラの導入が知的障害者の作業を支援する中上で有効であることが確認された.

We conducted a field study of the utilization of digital camera to support sweeping work of five persons with mental retardation. The procedures were follows. (I) They took pictures of litter and fallen leaves on the sweeping route with a digital camera. (II) They attached the pictures to a map showing sites to sweep. (III) They had several meetings to share some information of litter-strewn areas by looking at the pictures and the map. As they got used to this routine, they came to take pictures containing more important information than before. Attaching pictures to the route map prompted them to think about where leaves fell from and to discuss how to work on it. Sharing some information with work mates was also effective to develop a flexible collaboration between the workers. After the meetings, they voluntarily checked the amount and location of fallen leaves and focused on the areas covered with large piles of leaves. This practice eventually improved their work efficiency. These results demonstrated that digital camera is a useful tool for supporting persons with mental retardation.

Journal

  • Japan Journal of Educational Technology

    Japan Journal of Educational Technology 31(4), 487-494, 2008

    Japan Society for Educational Technology

References:  8

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110006794736
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11964147
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    NOT
  • ISSN
    13498290
  • NDL Article ID
    9461490
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-904
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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