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In September 2000, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) revised its Basic Plan for the Promotion of Sports, and improving the physical strength of children became one of the major new policy issues. MEXT commissioned the National Federation of Physical Training Instructors to implement a survey research, which included a test of physical strength carried out at T Elementary School in Miyagi Prefecture. Based on the results of this test, the survey, which targeted the parents of this elementary school, identified that parents who played sport and exercised were aware of their own high level of own physical strength and athletic ability. Moreover, these parents recognized the physical strength and athletic ability of their children and encouraged them to exercise and play sports. The survey also highlighted the case of parents with the opposite tendency to those parents who considered their children's physical strength and athletic ability to be high.