Internal exposure to ^<210>Po and ^<40>K from ingestion of cooked daily foodstuffs for adults in Japanese cities

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抄録

The isotope ^<210>Po was suspected of being involved in the death of a former Russian intelligence agent in 2006 in the UK. Although human exposure to this natural radionuclide in foods is estimated to be high, few studies are available. UNSCEAR Report 2000 does not contain data on ^<210>Po concentrations of foodstuffs in Japan. We analyzed samples of the everyday Japanese diet cooked with foodstuffs purchased at supermarkets in 7 major domestic cities in 2007-2008. ^<210>Po was quantified by alpha spectrometry and natural radionuclides such as ^<40>K by gamma spectrometry. The daily intake and committed effective dose of ^<210>Po, ^<40>K, and other natural radionuclides for Japanese adults were calculated. Daily intake was 0.34-1.84 (mean±σ:0.66±0.53) and 68.5-94.2 (81.5±8.5) Bq/d and the committed effective dose was 0.15-0.81 (0.29±0.24) and 0.16-0.21 (0.18±0.02) mSv for ^<210>Po and ^<40>K, respectively, comprising a high percentage of the total exposure. The total of the mean committed effective dose for the two nuclides (0.47 mSv) was higher than the annual effective dose from ingestion of foods reported by UNSCEAR 2000 (0.29 mSv). The mean committed effective dose of ^<40>K in the 7 major Japanese cities was comparable to the global average (0.17 mSv). The dietary exposure of Japanese adults can be characterized by a higher ^<210>Po contribution than in other countries. Of the total daily dietary ^<210>Po exposure (13 food categories excluding water) for adults in Yokohama, about 70% was from fish/shellfish and 20% from vegetables/mushrooms/seaweeds, reflecting preferences of Japanese to eat a considerable amount of fish/shellfish containing high ^<210>Po concentrations.

収録刊行物

  • Journal of toxicological sciences

    Journal of toxicological sciences 34(4), 417-425, 2009-08-01

    日本毒性学会

参考文献:  24件中 1-24件 を表示

被引用文献:  2件中 1-2件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110007359657
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00002808
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • 資料種別
    SHO
  • ISSN
    03881350
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    10405297
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS51(科学技術--薬学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z19-1022
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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