幼児のNarrative Skill習得を促す親の語りの引き出し方の向上を支援するシステムの開発(<特集>協調学習とネットワーク・コミュニティ) Development of the System which Supports Parental Styles in Eliciting Narratives from their Children(<Special Issue>Collaborative Learning and Networked Communities)

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著者

    • 佐藤 朝美 SATO Tomomi
    • 東京大学大学院学際情報学府 Graduate School of Interdisciplinary Information Studies, The University of Tokyo

抄録

本研究では,幼児の物語行為における親の役割に着目する.Narrative Skill習得に関する先行研究は,幼児の語りの詳細を引き出す言葉がけをする親とそうでない親がおり,その差が子どもの語り方や考え方にまで影響するという結果を示している.そこで,それらの知見を踏まえ,Narrative Skill習得を促す親の語りの引き出し方の向上を支援するシステムを構築した.開発したシステム"親子de物語"は,親子で物語を作成し,その過程をWebカメラで録画,ビデオを親が自身で振り返ると同時に他の親子とビデオを共有していく,自己調整学習の仕組みを備えたWebアプリケーションである.評価実験に27組の親子に参加してもらい,その有効性を検証した.その結果,ビデオにより自己を振り返り,他者を観察することで,子どもの詳細な語りを引き出す親の言葉がけが向上することが分かった.引き出し方が特に向上した母親には,課題を行う過程で,他者の良い点から自身の言葉がけを反省するだけでなく,その都度,自分なりの目標を立てるという傾向が見られた.

This research focuses on parents' role in the development of young children's narrative skills. Earlier studies on the development of narrative skills have indicated that some parenting styles are effective in eliciting children's narratives, whereas others are not. Thus, the particular parenting style influences the development of children's narrative skills and also influences how they (the children) think. Based on the findings of these studies, I developed a system that helps parents improve their skills for eliciting narratives from their children. The system I developed was called 'Oyako de Monogatari'. Oyako de Monogatari is basically a web application that enables parents to share-with each other-how to make up stories with their children. In addition to helping children to make up stories with their parents, the application allows users to record these stories and also enables parents to share them with other parents. Further, it helps parents to regulate their learning. In order to evaluate this system, I conducted experiments in which twenty-seven parent-child pairs participated. The results revealed that the number of words parents used to elicit detailed narratives from their children increased when the parents reflected on their own videos and when they watched videos of other parents and children. Moreover, parents who showed considerable improvement in eliciting narratives from their children had the tendency to not only reflect their own way from others' good points but also to establish their own goals in each trial.

収録刊行物

  • 日本教育工学会論文誌

    日本教育工学会論文誌 33(3), 239-249, 2010

    日本教育工学会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110007520570
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11964147
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    13498290
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    10569461
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z7-904
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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