近代日本における神智学思想の歴史(<特集>スピリチュアリティ) The History of Theosophical Ideas in Japan in the Modern Age(<Special Issue>Spirituality)

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抄録

本論文では近代日本における神智学思想の歴史を明治から戦後の一九六〇年まで追う。最初に、ハネフラーフのエソテリシズム史やオルバニーズのメタフィジカル宗教史を日本の霊性思想史に適応できるか否かを、島薗進の新霊性運動における系譜論的議論と関係させながら論じた上で、構造的、理論的な定義ではなく、試論として歴史的な霊性思想のジャンルと特徴を抽出する。次に霊術や精神療法などの日本の霊性思想と類似したアメリカのメタフィジカル宗教について瞥見した上で、明治、大正期における日本への神智学の流入、ロッジ活動の失敗、出版での流布を紹介する。最後に三浦関造に焦点をしぼり、翻訳家から霊術家、そしてメタフィジカル教師への変貌の跡を追い、戦後の竜王文庫を通じてのアリス・ベイリーやドーリルといった神智学系グルの紹介と終末論的なオブセッションを論じる。

In this paper I outline the history of Theosophical ideas in Japan from the Taisho era (1912-1026) to 1960. In part 1 the methodological problems about historical studies of the culture of spirituality are discussed in reference to Hanegraaf's study of Western esotericism, Albanese's research on metaphysical religion in America, and Shimazono's study on the Japanese new spirituality movement. As an example of a Japanese spirituality thinker, the life and career of Taniguchi Masaharu is summarized. Next the history and character of American metaphysical religions is surveyed with comparison to Japanese counterparts. In part 2, the history of Theosophy in Japan is discussed, including the failures of the lodge activities in Japan, and the spreading of ideas through publications. As the latter shows, selective use of Theosophical ideas in publications indicates a tendency of Japanese spirituality. Then, in order to trace the history of Theosophy, the life and character of the representative Theosophist, Miura Sekizo (1893-1960) is described. Miura was a famous writer and translator in the field of education, but he became a kind of psychic healer in the early years of Showa. While travelling in the USA from 1930 to 1931, he became friends with William Dudley Pelley, a fascist and occultist, and Miura became a metaphysical teacher of his own. He published books and magazines on yoga or metaphysical teachings, especially those of "Dr." Doreal, from 1953 to 1960. It is possible that his books had some influence on the following generations of "Seishin Sekai," a Japanese equivalent of New Age.

収録刊行物

  • 宗教研究

    宗教研究 84(2), 579-601, 2010

    日本宗教学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110007701175
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00406454
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    特集
  • ISSN
    03873293
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    10830404
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZH6(哲学・宗教--宗教)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z9-184
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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