潜水調査船用多連式ガスタイト海底湧水採取装置の開発 WHATS: a new multi-bottle gas-tight sampler for sea-floor vent fluids

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We report a newly developed water sampler WHATS (Water and Hydrothermal-fluid Atsuryoku Tight Sampler), for collecting seafloor venting gas-rich fluid (or gas itself) at in situ pressure (Atsuryoku means pressure in Japanese). It consist of four 150 cm3 stainless steel sample cylinders, eight ball valves, a motor-driven arm, a rail, a peristaltic pump, and a flexible Teflon tube connected to a titanium inlet tube. The motor-driven arm on the rail can open one of the four cylinders. Then, by pumping out pure water that has filled the cylinder, we can introduce sample fluid into the cylinder. After completely replacing the pure water with sample fluid, the valves at both ends of the cylinder are tightly closed by moving the motor-driven arm again. At this stage, the next cylinder becomes to be ready for next sampling. We can take maximum 4 different gas-tight samples in series. Whole operation can be arranged inside the submersible cabin. Use of only one motor to operate valves makes the sampler small, light (28 kg in water), and easy to handle. With the sampler, we can collect almost uncontaminated sample because we pump fluid slowly (120 cm3/min.) into the cylinder using the peristaltic pump. To date, the sampler has been used for ca. 40 dives of shinkai 2000 and shinkai 6500 with the success rate of more the 90%. We also evaluate the safety factors in handling highly pressured samples. We conclude that the sampler can be used to the depth of 3,000 m.

We report a newly developed water sampler WHATS (Water and Hydrothermal-fluid Atsuryoku Tight Sampler), for collecting seafloor venting gas-rich fluid (or gas itself) at in situ pressure (<i>Atsuryoku</i> means pressure in Japanese). It consists of four 150 cm<sup>3</sup> stainless steel sample cylinders, eight ball valves, a motor-driven arm, a rail, a peristaltic pump, and a flexible Teflon tube connected to a titanium inlet tube. The motor-driven arm on the rail can open one of the four cylinders. Then, by pumping out pure water that has filled the cylinder, we can introduce sample fluid into the cylinder. After completely replacing the pure water with sample fluid, the valves at both ends of the cylinder are tightly closed by moving the motor-driven arm again. At this stage, the next cylinder becomes to be ready for next sampling. We can take maximum 4 different gas-tight samples in series. Whole operation can be arranged inside the submersible cabin. Use of only one motor to operate valves makes the sampler small, light (28 kg in water), and easy to handle. With the sampler, we can collect almost uncontaminated sample because we pump fluid slowly (120 cm<sup>3</sup>/min.) into the cylinder using the peristaltic pump. To date, the sampler has been used for ca. 40 dives of <i>Shinkai 2000</i> and <i>Shinkai 6500</i> with the success rate of more than 90%. We also evaluate the safety factors in handling highly pressured samples. We conclude that the sampler can be used to the depth of 3,000 m.

収録刊行物

  • 地球化学

    地球化学 37(3), 101-109, 2003

    日本地球化学会

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各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110008680056
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00141280
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    03864073
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    6663864
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZM41(科学技術--地球科学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z15-645
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  NII-ELS  IR  J-STAGE 
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