ルーブリックの提示が学習者に及ぼす影響のメカニズムと具体的事例の効果の検討(<特集>新時代の学習評価)  [in Japanese] Exploring the Mechanism of the Effects of Presenting a Rubric and Fact Patterns(<Special Issue>New Generation Learning Assessments)  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 鈴木 雅之 SUZUKI Masayuki
    • 東京大学大学院教育学研究科:日本学術振興会 The University of Tokyo:Japan Society for the Promotion of Sciense

Abstract

本研究では中学2年生を対象とした数学の実験授業を行い,テストの結果をフィードバックする際にルーブリックを提示することが学習者に与える影響について,その影響メカニズムと,ルーブリックの各評定値に該当する具体的事例を提示することの効果について検討した.その結果,ルーブリックを提示された群は,提示されなかった群と比較して,「改善(自身の理解状態を把握し学習改善に活用するためのものであるという認識)」テスト観や内発的動機づけが高く,理解を指向して授業を受ける傾向にあり,事後テストでも高い成績をおさめた.また,ルーブリックが効果的に機能するのは,理解度確認や学習改善を目的にテストを実施することに納得するなど,インフォームドアセスメントが高い水準で達成されることが背景にあると示唆された.さらに,本研究で用いたような数学の文章題では,具体的事例の効果がみられないことが示唆された.

In the present study, we investigated the mechanism of the effects of presenting a rubric and fact patterns corresponding to each grading standard. 95 eighth-grade students were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 classrooms, each of which corresponded to an experimental condition. The participants studied mathematics for 5 sessions: at the end of the first day and the third day, the teacher gave a test on that day's lecture. The feedback methods for the test results varied according to each classroom's experimental condition: the rubric condition, the rubric plus fact pattern condition, or the comment-only condition. The results showed that students who received the rubric were more likely to consider that the purpose of the test was to show improvement than those who did not receive the rubric, and the rubric influenced intrinsic motivation, learning strategies, and test scores through the values of test. In addition, the results of this study suggested that informed assessment had an important role in values of test change. The results also revealed that fact patterns had no effect on the dependent variables.

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Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110008897525
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11964147
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    NOT
  • ISSN
    13498290
  • NDL Article ID
    023464502
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-904
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  NII-ELS 
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